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South Korea’s Mobility Report
||Tai-Jin SONG, Seunghoon CHEON, Seongmin KIM, Juyoung KIM
April 30, 2019
||The Korea Transport Institute
||Mobility, Transport Policy
Mobility is an essential element within the activities of citizens’ lives. Countries around the world have been making efforts to enhance the quality of life in overall industries, culture, and even when building cities by improving mobility services. Acute understanding of individual movements should be the starting point for the such efforts. Traditionally, people’s movements have been monitored and analyzed based on survey data such as household travel surveys and data from infrastructure such as ITS (Intelligent Transportation Systems). These have limits in terms of spatiotemporal coverage and the level of details providing information.
The fourth industrial revolution enables the collection of data explosively generated from all ICT devices connected to each other such as smartphones and car GPS devices under a hyper-connectivity environment. In particular. mobility big data gives seamless and consecutive understanding of spatial and temporal characteristics of individual travel behavior with consistent criteria throughout the entire country. In advanced countries such as the United States, mobility report provides data-driven mobility indices and plays a pivotal role in understanding mobility patterns for inter- as well as intra-regions. South Korea also struggles in unveiling travel behavior to apply for advanced policies. However, these efforts are mostly focused on developing calculation methodologies for mobility indices through case studies, resulting in a lack of practical investigation and analysis of mobility in Korea.
In Korea, this calls for investigating the mobility of people and vehicles throughout the entire nation. This report presents spatiotemporal results of both quantity and quality indices of movements. It is expected that this report will help jurisdictions make better decisions for efficient investment of future transportation technologies and policies for smart cities. We would like to extend our deep gratitude to the researchers and the advisory committee who have supported this study.