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Analysis and measures on aging of Taxi Drivers
||Seohyun LIM ․ Nakmoon Seong ․ Sangwook KANG ․ Sungjin HONG
January 31, 2017
||The Korea Transport Institute
The elderly population rate in Korean society has been reached to 13.1% in 2015 and we expect the rate would grow continuously. Between 2001 and 2015, elder driver’s license hold rate soared from 10.1% to 34.6%, and car accident cases caused by elders has increased accordingly. In 2001, there were 3,759 cases which has grown to 23,079 (6.1 times) in 2015. Given that the car accident cases in Korea have been gradually decreasing in recent years, such growth of car accidents caused by elders is a notable phenomenon.
Such increase of the car accident caused by elderly population is closely related to the increase of elders’ employment in passenger transportation business. For elders, bars for getting a taxi driver license is not significantly high in Korea, and more low-income elders tend to get a job in passenger transportation business as a taxi driver. Taxi drivers’ aging phenomenon in Korea has been raised as an issue. However, there has been relatively lack of research conducted for understanding the relationships between the aging taxi drivers and the increasing accidents in Korea. At this point, we posit that it is imperative to have a deeper understanding of how the aging taxi drivers in Korea causes socio economic effect in transportation. For example, we need to investigate the trends of aging taxi drivers, comparative analysis regarding drive safety awareness between elderly and non-elderly population, and deeper analysis for car accident cases caused by elderly drivers.
In this research, we seek to inform useful insights and policy directions for establishing safer future transportation. To understand how to make safer driving environment, we conducted in-depth analyses of the current situation of taxi transportation industry in Korea, and examine a series of legal regulations effective in abroad. Our findings are as follows:
First, we propose ways to improve taxi driver management system. Specifically, the new management system suggests rigorous execution of driver’s advanced education with driving simulation systems and regular advanced aptitude tests. Second, we encourage the Korean policies more strictly enforce taxi transportation industry to comply with rigorous safety management regulation. Presenting incentives such as certificate of excellence in safety or penalties such as imposing tax can be considered. Third, improving working condition of elderly taxi drivers is indispensable for reducing the accident. We propose ways of improving effectiveness of managing transportation income or welfare fund of Korean government in order to provide more support to elderly taxi drivers.
We believe our findings in this research contribute to presenting insights to policy makers that can lead to yielding better policy directions which can establish safer transportation environment. We wish this research can motivate meaningful changes in passenger transportation businesses.