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South Korea’s Mobility Report
||Tai-Jin SONG, Seunghoon CHEON, Seongmin KIM, Juyoung KIM
April 30, 2019
||The Korea Transport Institute
||Mobility, Transport policy
Mobility is an essential element of activities for human’s life. Countries around the world have been making efforts to enhance quality of life towards overall industries, cultures, and even building cities by improving mobility services. Acute understanding individual movements should be the starting point for the efforts. Traditionally, people’s movements have been monitored and analyzed based on the survey data such as household travel survey and data from the infrastructure such as ITS (Intelligent Transportation Systems). These have limits in terms of spatiotemporal coverage and level of details providing information.
The fourth industrial revolution enables the collection of data explosively generated from all ICT devices connected to each other such as smartphones and car GPS devices under the hyper-connectivity environment. Especially, mobility big data give seamless and consecutive understanding of spatial and temporal characteristics of individual travel behavior with consistent criteria throughout the entire country. In advanced countries such as the United States, mobility report provides data-driven mobility indices and plays a pivotal role in understanding mobility patterns for inter- as well as intra-regions. South Korea also struggles in unveiling travel behavior to apply for advanced policies. However, these efforts are mostly focused on developing calculation methodologies for mobility indices through case studies, resulting in a lack of practical investigation and analysis of mobility in Korea.
In Korea, this calls for investigating mobility of people and vehicles throughout the entire nation. This report presents spatiotemporal results of both quantity and quality indices of movements. It is expected that this report facilitates jurisdictions make better decisions for efficient investment of future transportation technologies and policies towards smart city. We would like to extend our deep gratitude to the researchers and the advisory committee who have supported this study.