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Development of criteria for best practices of private parking and a pilot implementation plan
||Kyounga PARK․ Junguk PARK․ Sojeong KANG
January 31, 2017
||The Korea Transport Institute
It is important that the private sector should expand its role to solve the parking problem in our country. This study aims to provide assessment criteria amd methods to select parking best practices as a way to promote the parking industry. Selection of parking best practices has become common in other countries such as US, Uk and Europe and other areas in Korea such as architecture, housing and employment
Sharing best practices with the parking industry is expected to make parking facilities more advanced and therefore, promote parking industry which is significantly important to solve parking problems in Korea.
In this study, domestic and international cases concerning selection of best practices related to parking facilities and operations of such facilities are reviewed. The review results are used to build a draft of assessment criteria to select parking best practice considering parking facilities only. The primary assessment criteria were selected according to the Korean situation and acceptability in parking industry.
The major assessment criteria include fundamental conditions, safety, convenience and functionality. The assessment items are following; The criteria for the fundamental conditions include well-designed entrance and parking lots, which effect drivers’ convenience. The assessment items for safety are security and monitoring system, solutions of blind areas and brightness, while the criteria for convenience contain parking information system, payments and pedestrian path design within parking facilities. Functionality is evaluated by how well parking is design in terms of drivers’ recognition and collaboration with environment and which innovative technologies are applied for effective operations. Other assessment items which are not mentioned above are presented in Table 4.2.
Assessment criteria are quantified by scores for evaluation. In addition, an evaluation method for selecting the candidate groups to select the best parking lots is specified to suggest a method that can be applied in practice.
The assessment criteria and methods for parking best practice presented in this study is expected to serve as the basis for guidance on major assessment items and methods for the future good park selection projects.