In order to achieve the TransRoad vision, which is a new road that transcends existing roads, the government's goal of using the autonomous third level in 2020 is to automate, unmannize, service and road network-based maintenance, operation and maintenance of road systems. A new integrated road traffic system is required.
However, the function and role of the future road traffic system has not been established in the road traffic system related laws (「ROAD ACT」, 「NATIONAL TRANSPORT SYSTEM EFFICIENCY ACT」), and the grounds for administrative, financial and institutional support of the government are insufficient.
Therefore, this study aims to diagnose the problems and limitations of current road traffic system legislation through legislative evaluation in terms of road traffic automation, commercialization of autonomous vehicles, and future road traffic system construction. Based on this, we sought the necessity of legislation for future road traffic system and suggested legislative direction.
First of all, I examined the policies related to the future road traffic system. Policy support for infrastructure technology development and technological development of autonomous navigation system was being implemented. Road infrastructure policy has been shifting from new construction to efficient use of existing roads, and existing ITS technology has evolved into C-ITS, and digital information-based traffic operation and management technology is required. It is necessary to reorganize functions and roles of roads and transportation infrastructure in the integrated system of cars and road traffic and Smart City.
Based on this, we diagnosed the problems and limitations of 「ROAD ACT」 and 「NATIONAL TRANSPORT SYSTEM EFFICIENCY ACT」, which are the current road traffic system related laws, through the legislative evaluation, which is one of the legislative evaluation. 「ROAD ACT」and 「NATIONAL TRANSPORT SYSTEM EFFICIENCY ACT」have been revised in accordance with the purpose of the enactment, and although they act as independent laws, they can be used to reflect the digital infrastructure and future road traffic system Institutions are needed.
Finally, based on this, the necessity of legislation for the construction of the future road traffic system was examined and the necessity and direction of the revision were suggested. Legislation is necessary to present the direction of the new road traffic policy as the future road traffic, to establish the basis of the future road traffic policy and to secure the policy realization means.
As a result of the legislative evaluation of 「ROAD ACT」and 「NATIONAL TRANSPORT SYSTEM EFFICIENCY ACT」, the legislation related to the future road traffic system, although they play a role in accordance with their respective legislative purposes, the evolution of existing road networks, It is necessary to create a legal environment that can reflect the new road traffic policy for infrastructure development.
The future direction of the legislation can be divided into partial revision of the existing law : 「ROAD ACT」and 「NATIONAL TRANSPORT SYSTEM EFFICIENCY ACT」. The proposed legislative alternatives and major issues need to be utilized in the future when pursuing future road traffic system legislation.