Transportation Technology Research Using Living LAB
# The concept of smart city and its related business have recently been expanding.
The reality is that the citizen’s aggressive participation, not public initiative, is required to fix problems and develop the most optimal system.
For the participation of citizen in the smart city, it is necessary using Living LAB to reflect the citizens’ opinions actively to solve the problems.
# Living LAB, starting from the experiment as a model of user's participation since 1990s, means 'living laboratory'.
It is user-centered research method where users take matters into their own hands to solve the problems.
It is to set user's living space as a laboratory and the users, enterprises, and public institutes work together to develop technology and prove it.
# A professor at MIT defined Living LAB as 'the place to utilize the users' system usage into real-time observation and research' and sought to identify the users' behaviors in order to incorporate IT technology and sensor technology into everyday life at the time of urban development.
# Four Types of Living LAB / 1 – ‘Enterprise-driven type’ to develop and test the service of the company / 2 – ‘Local Government-driven type’ to aim at solving social issues / 3 – ‘Research center-driven type’ to utilize existing technologies to build a platform / 4 – ‘User-driven type’ to realize innovation based on the users’ interest, their region and lives.
# Case of Living LAB in Korea / Bukchon Living LAB / Goal: To address the problems between tourists’ and local residents’ interest / Methodology: Sight tour for the change in residents’ mindset and knowledge exchange and the activities of energy choir, café etc. / Role: To derive about 30 problems in association with urban issues along with their solutions
# Seongdaegol Living LAB / Goal: To improve residents’ acceptance of solar power technologies in the city / Methodology: Researchers’ (local residents) presenting their opinions on the development of solar DIY prototype / Role: To make companies listen to the researchers’ opinions
# Daejeon Geonneoyu Living LAB / Goal: To address the incidents at a popular bridge used by the local residents / Methodology: 1. Workshop with students, housewives and designers to find issues 2. Development of smartphone flooding alarm service / Role: Various users (local residents), sympathizing the necessity of incident prevention, get together to recognize and solve the problems
# Case of Overseas Living LAB / Northern Europe AMS Wifi / Goal: To build the system that allows residents to check their power consumption with the smartphone app / Methodology: To present the idea for the reduction of local residents’ power consumption / Role: To select how to reduce the power consumption with reference to experts’ ideas
# Helsinki Smart City / Goal: To build Smart City in Kalasatama district in Helsinki / Methodology: Local residents provide feedback with the technology or service in development. / Role: To deliver local residents’ opinions to expert groups
# Domestic transportation research: ’Intelligent Transportation Safety and Control Technology Development*’ suggests a system to collect, provide and connect information on real-time basis by introducing Cooperative-Intelligent Transport Systems (C-ITS) that can provide unexpected situation information during driving for incident prevention and traffic flow improvement.
The effectiveness analysis of the system operation has been corroborated with Living LAB.
* Soo-Joo Hong, Chan-Sik Choi, Joong-Cheol Bae, and Soo-Beom Lee, "A Case Study on the Application of a Control System Living LAB for Accident Prevention", Korea Transport Institute (Vol. 30, No. 1)
Living LAB Operation for Traffic Control System
# Living LAB has been operated with the participation of researchers group, civil society organization, local residents and local government. The sites to be demonstrated were selected via the analysis of current status with the categories of intersections, expressways, and tunnels.
The Living LAB has following three themes and was operated with the functional and field alignment testing, preliminary testing of demonstration scenarios, field testing of demonstration scenarios.
1. Traffic situation recognition/radar
2. Abnormal traffic situation analysis / analysis server / abnormal situation awareness algorithm based on image and radar matching / deep learning-based object recognition / abnormal traffic situation recognition
3. Intelligent traffic control system / operational server / integrated control
Outputs of Living LAB Operation for Traffic Control System
Stage 1: Data linkage error correction / introduction of the function to turn off unnecessary information for citizen and distribution of app one-store available / Stage 2: Advanced scenarios to be demonstrated and satisfaction survey / Stage 3: 100% success in data connection and transmit
# It is necessary to design the Living LAB where various citizens can experience a wide range of system for feedback. With this, it is deemed to be able to design and run Living LAB in consideration of measuring the overall effectiveness of road traffic operation.
* This card news is produced by modifying and supplementing ‘A Case Study on the Application of a Control System Living LAB for Accident Prevention', Korea Transport Institute (Vol. 30, No. 1).