# The payment method has been through various changes for people’s convenience from the days where you pay with a bus token or ticket to the days where IC chip-implanted transport cards are widely used.
The mobile payment market is also advancing with the rapid spread of smartphones.
A ‘untact public transportation payment system’ is the system where you can pay for the transportation fare with your smartphone without any physical tag at the time of boarding.
# Far before the public transportation sector, the untact transportation payment system had been applied to highway transportation in June 2000. Thanks to the improved recognition accuracy and technological advancement, 88.4% of highway travelers were using Hi-Pass system in 2022.
# International Trends in Untact Public Transportation Payment Systems
Germany conducted a pilot project on buses with special electronic cards or mobile wireless technology; it provides the app service to realize MaaS via LOGPAY* which allows you to access to variety of mobility services with a single card or app.
* MaaS (Mobility as a Service): A new mobility service which integrates the data on various means of transportation to provide users with the optimal routes
# Germany / The pilot project of untact transportation payment service, using special electronic cards or mobile wireless telecommunication / (on-boarding detection) Wake-up antenna / (selective fare detection) Access antenna / Payment via one-size-fits-all cards or app for the mobility service such as parking, public transportation etc.
# Australia / The pilot program for school buses in Sydney / A reader automatically detects a card at the time of a bus ride
Switzerland / Pressing ‘Start’ button before boarding trains, buses, trams or boats and pressing ‘Stop’ button at the time of arrival to pay for the fare
Singapore / Pilot program of the entrance with hands-free gates installed for the disabled at 4 subway stations / Both mobile devices and RFID cards are available for the payment / Electronic payment can be made even the cards are in a pocket or a bag.
# Local Trends in Untact Public Transportation Payment Systems / Gyeonggi Bus
In Korea, Gyeonggi province has introduced the untact transportation payment system to public buses and its pilot projects have been implemented or are in operation in Seoul, Incheon, Daegu, Sejong and Busan.
# Institutions / Target / Details of Project / Source: Korea Railroad Research Institute 2023 / Project Duration: ’21. 12 ~ ’22. 9
LOCA Mobility Co., Ltd. (a private enterprise) / Gyeonggi-do Public Bus, Daegu Subway Line 1 (Sangin Station) / Running ‘Tagless Service’
Tmoney Co., Ltd. / Seoul Ui-New Line (Bukhansan Ui station), Incheon Subway Line 2 (Juan station) / Running a pilot project with ‘Smart Gate Service’
Korea Railroad Research Institute / Citizen Experience Group for Sejong S-BRT National R&D project / Running ‘Tagless Service’
Korea Railroad Research Institute / Pilot Test at Busan Station in 2023 / Researching and developing‘Smart Gate Free System’
# Vison of Untact Public Transportation Payment Systems
The public transportation payment system in connection with MaaS (Mobility as a Service) is expected not only to allow users to access to public transportation services conveniently without physical tag but to allow transportation service providers to purchase service vouchers in bulk and supply them to passengers for free or at a low price.
The government can collect a variety of data and monitor whether if good quality of service was provided at the end.
# The following 4 prerequisites should be completed for the untact transportation payment system to be activated.
Improving recognition accuracy of the untact transportation payment system / Preventing illegal ride / Supplementing system security technology / Establishing a nationally compatible system
# The untact transportation payment system is the course which future mobility is bound for and Korean enterprises have already secured excellent technology.
However, we had been through inconvenient time at the time of initial introduction of transportation cards until nationally compatible technology was developed.
Prompt and accurate measures will be required in the course of untact transportation payment system introduction to reduce these trial and error and unnecessary social cost as much as possible
* This card news is produced by modifying and supplementing the article ' Vol. 3 No.1 Study on Establishing and Activating Untact Public Transportation Payment System’ in 『KOTI Wide-Area Transportation Briefing』 of Korea Transport Institute.