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KOTI Knowledge Sharing Report_Issue 18_The Improvement of the Pedestrian Environment in Korea: Policies and Achievements

KOTI Knowledge Sharing Report_Issue 18_The Improvement of the Pedestrian Environment in Korea: Policies and Achievements

보고서 상세내용
Author The Korea Transport Institute Date April 30, 2015
Publisher The Korea Transport Institute Page(s) 207 Page(s)
Keywords KOTI, Pedestrian Environment, Pedestrian Rights Expansion, Civic Movements, Pedestrian Ordinance, Pedestrian Safety, Olle Trail, Hiking Trail
Download KSP 18 The Improvement of the Pedestrian Environment in Korea.pdf
Editor and Authors • 4

List of Tables • 12

List of Figures • 13

Preface • 16



Chapter 1. Introduction

Section 1. The Value of Walking Seen in a New Point of View • 20

Section 2. From the Birth of Pedestrian Rights to the World’s First Pedestrian Laws: Best Practices for Pedestrian Rights in Korea • 24

Section 3. Effects of Best Practices on Improving Pedestrian Amenities • 27

Section 4. The Scope of the Book • 36



Chapter 2. The History of Pedestrian Rights Expansion in Korea

Section 1. The Formative Stage of Pedestrian Rights (Early 1990s) • 41

Section 2. Expansion of Pedestrian Rights (Late 1990s – Mid-2000s) • 46

Section 3. The Mature Stage of Pedestrians’ Rights (Later Half of the 2000s) • 51

Section 4. Policy Achievements and Future Directions • 56



Chapter 3. Korea’s Second-Rate Pedestrian Environment and Campaigning by Civic Movements

Section 1. Seoul, an “Unwalkable” City • 60

Section 2. Pedestrians as Victims of Fatal Traffic Accidents • 71

Section 3. Campaigns for Pedestrian Rights and Seoul’s Enactment of a Pedestrian Ordinance • 77

Section 4. Public Demand Changes a City and Restores Crosswalks in Gwanghwamun • 87

Section 5. Improvement of the Pedestrian Environment and Significance of Civic Movements • 97



Chapter 4. Enactment of the Pedestrian Ordinance and Twenty-Year History of Walkable Seoul

Section 1. Overview of the Pedestrian Ordinance Enactment • 102

Section 2. Overview of the Pedestrian Ordinance • 105

Section 3. Impact of the Pedestrian Ordinance • 111

Section 4. The 20-Year History of Creating Walkable Seoul • 113

Section 5. 20-Year History of the Walkable Seoul Project: Its Accomplishments and Future Tasks • 124



Chapter 5. Enactment Process and Contents of Pedestrian Safety and Convenience Enhancement Act

Section 1. Achievements of the Enactment of the Pedestrian Safety and Convenience Enhancement Act • 130

Section 2. Summary and Basic Contents of the Pedestrian Act • 133

Section 3. Formulation of Master Plans to Enhance Pedestrian Environment • 136

Section 4. Pedestrian Environment Improvement Zone Project • 140

Section 5. Pedestrian-Only Paths • 145

Section 6. Other Efforts to Secure Pedestrian Rights of Walking • 148



Chapter 6. Best-Practice Cases of Improving the Pedestrian Environment

Section 1. Pedestrian Priority Zone Project • 155

Section 2. Construction Project for Car-Free Streets and Pedestrian-Friendly Green Streets • 161

Section 3. Transit Mall Construction Project • 170

Section 4. Green Parking Project • 175

Section 5. Pedestrian Environment Improvement Construction Projects • 181



Chapter 7. From Right to Culture

Section 1. Jeju Island Olle Trail, Creation of a New Culture of Slow • 188

Section 2. Nationwide Hiking Trail Development Boom • 195

Section 3. Safer and More Convenient City for Pedestrians • 200