Development and Application of Traffic Accident Databases in Developing Countries


Development and Application of Traffic Accident Databases in Developing Countries

Development and Application of Traffic Accident Databases in Developing Countries*

* This manuscript is based on the Connections Note 2018-3 issued in September 2018 by the Transport GP of the World Bank: Better Crash Data Can Improve Road Safety (Holly Krambeck et al.)

The World Bank has developed the DRIVER (Data for Road Incident Visualization Evaluation and Reporting) system to help Developing Countries overcome difficulties in building and effectively utilizing traffic accident databases.
A DRIVER system has been constructed, piloted, and evaluated for the Philippines, and an improvement plan is currently being sought. Compared with the road traffic accident information system that is being built in some underdeveloped countries, the DRIVER system has the following characteristics:
- The system was developed and built at a low cost, on an open-source basis.
- It is feasible to build a nationwide system in a respective country by utilizing open street maps.
- The system provides the main functions to construct and manage traffic accident databases for various purposes, such as predicting black spots, estimating traffic accident costs in selected areas, and evaluating the effectiveness of traffic safety improvement projects.
- It is feasible to build a Web site to allow third parties to receive traffic accident data after personal information has been removed.
- The traffic accident database table can be conveniently modified to suit localsituations and purposes.
- Traffic accident point information can be saved through use of geocode.
- The system can be constructed after being translated into various languages.
The DRIVER System
The DRIVER system was developed by the World Bank for the Philippines and the Government of the Philippines. The high-quality traffic accident data generated by the DRIVER system has played an important role in helping the Philippine government cope with frequent yearly road traffic accidents and establish appropriate preventive measures. The DRIVER system can share data with various agencies related to traffic accident data management, such as the central government, local governments, traffic police, and medical information data centers. Therefore, terms and definitions related to traffic accidents are standardized, and an analysis system based on empirical data is provided to demonstrate the effectiveness of traffic safety measures. The DRIVER system has been developed based on readily available street maps, and can be implemented anywhere in the world. In addition, given its open source architecture, it is relatively inexpensive to build and maintain. In developing countries where no traffic accident databases have been established, the system is expected to make a decisive contribution to improving road traffic safety.

Youngho Kim